Parasites

Discussion in 'Physiology and Biology' started by Jean, Apr 11, 2005.

  1. Jean

    Jean Colossal Squid Supporter

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    Hi all,

    I have just dissected some Nototodarus sloanii from the southern ocean (South Snares Shelf). I've found some internal parasites attached mainly to the digesitve gland, other parts of the alimentary tract, gills and connective tissue. They're roughly 5mm long by 2mm wide and as you can see have very little in the way of distinguishing features!

    Having some trouble IDing them

    Any suggestions?????

    J
     

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  2. Fujisawas Sake

    Fujisawas Sake Larger Pacific Striped Octopus Supporter Registered

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    Nice photo.

    They actually look like a crustacean parasite I saw some time ago. I'll try to find that information...

    John
     
  3. Colin

    Colin Colossal Squid Supporter

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    they look a bit like hook worms
     
  4. Phil

    Phil Colossal Squid Supporter Registered

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    Some form of nematode perhaps, or larval stage tapeworms?
     
  5. chrono_war01

    chrono_war01 Colossal Squid Supporter

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    one thought on this subject:

    EEWWWWW!!!!!!!! :yuck: :yuck:
     
  6. Fujisawas Sake

    Fujisawas Sake Larger Pacific Striped Octopus Supporter Registered

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    Well, not sure on the tapeworm. Tapeworms are very distinct, at least in land animals... The scolexes and proglottids ("head" and egg masses) pretty much look the same. They don't really look like tapeworms to me. And nematodes tend not to show outside metamerism (clear sectioning - these appeared to have an anterior and posterior). Could be a fluke, but I'm thinking either mollusc or crustacean parasite, both having greatly modified bodies for parasitic lifestyles.

    What size are these specimens? Is there clear cephalization? Any indications of chitin in the epidermis? Large egg masses?

    I love this subject! I asked about the parasitology of squid and octos some time ago, but that thread kinda died. :wink:

    John
     
  7. ArchyNorth

    ArchyNorth GPO Supporter

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    Hey there,

    First off. Parisites = Cool !!

    Ok, now that I have that out of my system. I did a little googling for parisites and cephalopods and came up with a few pages for you.

    If you want any information on parasites in general, this database is about the best I could find on the web.

    http://parasitology.informatik.uni-wuerzburg.de/login/frame.php

    It may look a little dautning at first, but plug a keyword into the search option and it narrows it down drasticaly for you. I tried "squid" and "cephalopods" and came up with a few pages:

    ** http://parasitology.informatik.uni-wuerzburg.de/login/n/h/j_010-0389.html.html

    ** Monogenea

    Check out the drawings of the variations in morphology in the Monogenea. Almost any of them could be a candidate for what you have, but the 2nd and the last seem to be closest in "rough" morphology.

    Anyway, this was just a quick search but I hope this info can help.

    Cheers,
     
  8. Squidman

    Squidman Vampyroteuthis Registered

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    Agreed.
     
  9. Jean

    Jean Colossal Squid Supporter

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    Thanks for the input! Any all info appreciated. They're probably not nematodes (although these squid had Anisakis simplex as well).

    Guesses I've has so far are copepods (zoology dept parasitologist best guess!), possibly cirripeds (Steve, although that was sight unseen!) and acanthocephalan (thorny headed worms!!!!).

    Prob is there is no apparent cephalization, no eggs and the only chitin appears to be a "hood" (the dark patch!!)

    Cheers

    jean
     
  10. Fujisawas Sake

    Fujisawas Sake Larger Pacific Striped Octopus Supporter Registered

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    You know Jean, I just am not getting the feeling that they're monogenean. The "cephalization" is a bit weird, and atypical of flukes.

    I'm still thinking crustacean... The parasitic forms do show the characteristic soft-bodied specialization to parasitic lifestyles.

    A cirripedian would be interesting (remember my posts about rhizocephalia?). Acanthocephalans might be an idea, though I have no idea what kind of acantho. parastitic forms exist.

    Better point: Examine the species more closely. Find out what kind of suckers are being used to attach. Also, if you could examine the egg masses, that would be good. And even best yet, if you could get your hands on a microtome, some slides, and a good 'scope, you could make cross sections of two of these beasties and take notes on the internal anatomy.

    Hell, you could send them to me - I would love a sample! :lol:

    Just my :twocents:
     
  11. Colin

    Colin Colossal Squid Supporter

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    when i wrote 'hook worm', my brain actually meant 'anchor worm', its quite common in fish and looks very similar... Lernea species. that any good?

    why am i itching?
     
  12. Infusoria

    Infusoria Vampyroteuthis Registered

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    This is so cool, I'm doing the same 'what is this parasite' thing with 'rattails'.

    What is the attraction with parasites? Maybe it's a 'cheating the system thing'.



    :razz: :smile:
     
  13. Melissa

    Melissa Larger Pacific Striped Octopus Supporter

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    You must know something about parasites! This link goes to a rather icky and non-ceph hiker with a leeck in her nose. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4423175.stm While looking for it, I found another BBC item with another leech in a hiker's nose! http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/3236294.stm But it's the botfly extraction picture that worries me more.

    Matt, parasites are fascinating, but they've put me off my feed this morning!

    Melissa
     
  14. Fujisawas Sake

    Fujisawas Sake Larger Pacific Striped Octopus Supporter Registered

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    Well, the reason I'm not thinking acanthocephalans is that they tend to be more of a verterbrate parasite with freshwater intermediate hosts. But they could be.

    Any new thoughts?
     
  15. Clem

    Clem Architeuthis Supporter Registered

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    Melissa,

    Thank you for those links. I will never stop throwing up.

    Bitterly,

    Clem
     

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