New papers

Steve O'Shea

Colossal Squid
Just starting up a new thread here (even though we have an older, similarly titled thread).

If anyone is interested in pdfs of the following just pm me (they're from my team here).

Jones, M.R.L. 2007. Historic trawl data and recent information infers temporal change in the occurence of squid in the diet of orange roughy (Hoplostethus atlanticus) in New Zealand. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 17: 493-499.

Abstract A review of historical trawl data for orange roughy on Chatham Rise and Challenger Plateau, New Zealand, between the years 1984 and 1996 infers a shift in this species’ diet, with a progressive decline in the percentage occurrence of squid being apparent. On Chatham Rise, this decline in the percentage occurrence of squid appears to be compensated for by increases in the percentage occurrence of fish and crustaceans in orange roughy diet, whereas on Challenger Plateau, decreases in all of squid, fish and crustaceans are apparent. New orange roughy dietary data for 2004 from Chatham Rise is consistent with earlier data series, with further declines in
the percentage occurrence of squid apparent. Declines in the occurrence of squid in the diet of orange roughy could be attributed to declines in the abundance of squid as a consequence of fisheries activity.

Bolstad, K.S. 2007. Systematics and distribution of the New Zealand onychoteuthid fauna (Cephalopoda: Oegopsida), including a new species, Notonykia nesisi. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 17: 305-335.

Abstract Onychoteuthid squids are among the most common cephalopods found in New Zealand waters, and comprise a major portion of the regional diets of teuthophagous marine mammals. Although several recent publications have addressed aspects of various species’ biology and reproduction, the systematics of the group remains poorly understood. Herein the ontogenetic and adult morphologies of regionally occurring known species of the genera Moroteuthis, Onychoteuthis, and Notonykia are redescribed, and Notonykia nesisi sp. nov. is described for the first time. Ontogenetic and sexually dimorphic variation in characters and character states associated with body proportions, and beak, radula, tentacular hook, palatine tooth and gladius morphologies are also described and compared between local onychoteuthid taxa for the first time.

Beatson, E. 2007. The diet of pygmy sperm whales, Kogia breviceps, stranded in New Zealand: implications for conservation. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 17: 295-303.

Abstract The stomach contents of 27 pygmy sperm whales, Kogia breviceps, stranded on New Zealand beaches between 1991 and 2003 are reported. These individuals comprise 16 males, 10 females, and one for which no sex information is available. The diet was found to include fish and crustaceans, but is comprised primarily of cephalopods, with 0–526 lower beaks, representing an estimated maximum of c. 60 kg of cephalopod prey consumed by any one whale. Cephalopod prey is attributed to 23 species from 13 families, and is dominated by juvenile individuals of the families Histioteuthididae and Cranchiidae (adults of which usually occur at depths exceeding 400 m). Perceived threats to this whale, particularly those affecting distribution and abundance of prey species, are also discussed. These are the first data reporting the diet of this whale species in New Zealand waters. A comparison of the diet of K. breviceps is made with that of the sperm whale, Physeter macrocephalus from New Zealand waters, and with the diet of Kogia known elsewhere.

O'Shea, S.; Jackson, G.; Bolstad, K.S. 2007. The nomenclatural status, ontogeny and morphology of Pholidoteuthis massyae (Pfeffer, 1912) new comb (Cephalopoda: Pholidoteuthidae). Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 17: 425-435.

Abstract Pholidoteuthis is unusual amongst genera of squid in that the mantle is beset with close-packed dermal cushions (scales). Despite frequent reference to species in this genus, considerable systematic confusion surrounds usage of the generic name, erected prematurely given that the same systematic characters apply for the earlier Tetronychoteuthis Pfeffer, 1900, and species attributed to it. The synonymy and ontogenetic morphology of Pholidoteuthis massyae (Pfeffer 1912) new comb., the senior synonym of P. boschmai Adam, 1950, is reported. The relationship between this species and others referred to Tetronychoteuthis, Lepidoteuthis, the Pholidoteuthidae Adam, 1950, Lepidoteuthidae Pfeffer, 1912 and Octopoteuthidae Berry, 1912, is discussed. A conjectural account of the mechanics of mating in P. massyae is provided based on the nature of spermatophore insertion in the female mantle, and modification to the terminal region of the male’s genital apparatus.

Beatson, E.; O'Shea, S.; Ogle, M. 2007. First report on the stomach contents of long-finned pilot whales, Globicephala melas, stranded in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 34: 51-56.

Abstract Stomach contents of the long-finned pilot whale, Globicephala melas, are reported for the first time from New Zealand waters. Analyses based on two male and three female whales (2.5–5.3 m in length) that stranded on Farewell Spit, Golden Bay, South Island in December 2005 revealed a diet comprised exclusively of cephalopods (2−33 lower cephalopod beaks per stomach). Two genera of cephalopod from two orders; arrow squid, Nototodarus spp. (Teuthoidea: Ommastrephidae), and common octopus, Pinnoctopus cordiformis (Octopoda: Octopodidae) were represented. A further five pilot whale stomachs were examined and found to be empty.

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